Official development assistance

The Addis Ababa Action Agenda reaffirms official development assistance (ODA) commitments contained in the Monterrey Consensus and Doha Declaration, highlighting the importance of ODA for the poorest and most vulnerable countries – beyond income-group-based ODA allocation that only considers narrow economic averages. It commits to prioritizing the allocation of concessional international public finance to those with the greatest needs and least ability to mobilize other resources.

The Addis Agenda specifically:

  • Reaffirms existing ODA commitments – 0.7 per cent of gross national income (GNI) to developing countries and 0.15-0.20 per cent of GNI to least developed countries (LDCs)
  • Commits to reverse decline in ODA to the LDCs; Encourages ODA of 0.2 per cent of GNI to LDCs; is encouraged by countries that allocate at least 50 per cent of ODA to LDCs
  • Commits to open, inclusive and transparent discussions on the modernization of ODA measurement


Latest developments

ODA increased by 1.4 per cent in 2019 over the comparable period in 2018 in real terms, as calculated by the new grant-equivalent measure, while falling slightly as a share of donor country GNI, from 0.31 to 0.30 per cent on average. Five donors met or exceeded the 0.7 per cent target: Denmark, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Based on the previous cash-flow methodology, net ODA to LDCs and Africa increased by 2.6 per cent and 1.3 per cent, respectively. The Task Force welcomes the increase in ODA, particularly given growing developing country needs due to COVID-19.

Total Net ODA by DAC members by country group on a cash basis, 2015–2018

(Billions of United States dollars, 2017 constant prices)

Official development assistance 1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Source: OECD/DAC data.

Read the detailed 2018 ODA analysis here.

ODA Grant Equivalent, 2019

(Percentage of GNI)

Official development assistance 2

Source: OECD/DAC data.

Read more on the 2019 data update here.

Relevant SDG indicator 

Additional material